Jharkhand also known as "Bushland" is a state in eastern India carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000.
According to writers including Gautam Kumar Bera, there was already a distinct geo-political, cultural entity called Jharkhand even before the Magadha Empire.In those days the northern portion of Jharkhand state was a tributary state of Magadha (ancient Bihar) Empire and southern part was a tributary of Kalinga (ancient Odisha) Empire.In 1765, the region came under the control of the British East India Company.The period of revolts of the Adivasis to protect their Jharkhand land took place from 1771 to 1900. British Government faced a lot of tribal revolt in Chhota Nagpur Division. Wherever resistance to British rule existed they tried to divide them. The policy of "Divide and rule" was made effective by Lord Curzon, when he was Governor General of India.Birsa Munda (1875-1900) and Sidho and Kanho are the legendary heroes of the tribal of Jharkhand state who fought against the oppressive rule of the British government.The 20th-century Jharkhand movement may also be seen as moderate movement as compared to the bloody revolts of the 19th century.