How Manipur got its Name

Manipur

Manipur is a state in north-eastern India, with the city of Imphal as its capital.

The term Kanglei, meaning "of Manipur/Kangleipak", is used to refer to items associated with the state where the term Manipuri is a recent given name.The ancient history of Manipur is unclear and disputed. According to one tradition, the Manipuri people are the Gandharvas – musicians and dancers – in the Vedic texts.Historic texts of the Manipuri people refer to the region as Gandharva-desa.Other tradition describes the history of Manipur as a trading route between Indian subcontinent, China and southeast Asia.By the medieval period, marriage alliances between royal families of Manipuri kingdom, Ahom (Assam) and Burma had become common.In the late 19th century, the British Empire in the Indian subcontinent annexed Manipur, with its status maintained as a princely state.The Manipur Constitution Act of 1947 established a democratic form of government, with the Maharaja as the executive head.From 1980–2004, the Indian government referred to Manipur as a so-called disturbed area. This term (designated by the Ministry of Home Affairs or a state governor) refers to a territory (historically: Manipur, Assam, Nagaland, etc.) where extraordinary laws under the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act can be used.In 2004, the government lifted the disturbed status after a violent attack on a local woman.