How Rajasthan got its Name

Rajasthan

Rajasthan also known as “Land of Kings". Parts of what is now Rajasthan were partly part of the Vedic Civilisation and Indus Valley Civilization.

Kalibangan, in Hanumangarh district, was a major provincial capital of the Indus Valley Civilization.Matsya Kingdom of the Vedic civilisation of India, is said to roughly corresponded to the former state of Jaipur in Rajasthan and included the whole of Alwar with portions of Bharatpur.Gurjars ruled for many dynasties in this part of the country, the region was known as Gurjaratra.The Gurjar Pratihar Empire acted as a barrier for Arab invaders from the 8th to the 11th century.Traditionally the Rajputs, Jats, Meenas,REBARI, Gurjars, Bhils, Rajpurohit, Charans, Yadavs, Bishnois, Sermals, PhulMali (Saini) and other tribes made a great contribution in building the state of Rajasthan.Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, the Hindu Emperor, was born in the village of Machheri in Alwar District in 1501.Maharana Pratap of Mewar resisted Akbar in the famous Battle of Haldighati (1576) and later operated from hilly areas of his kingdom.Jat king Maharaja Suraj Mal (February 1707 – 25 December 1765) or Sujan Singh was ruler of Bharatpur in Rajasthan.Rajput families rose to prominence in the 6th century CE. They also resisted Mughal incursions into India and thus contributed to their slower-than-anticipated access to the Indian subcontinent.Modern Rajasthan includes most of Rajputana, which comprises the erstwhile nineteen princely states, two chiefships, and the British district of Ajmer-Merwara.