Telangana is one of the 29 states in India, located in southern India.
Etymology of Telangana is uncertain; it is believed that the word Telugu is derived from Telu in Gondi language-A dialact spoken by the tribals of Chhattisgarh— (in present-day a state located in North of Telangana), and plural form of Telu is Telunga which means "white skinned people", and thus making the word Telangana.Telangana was governed by many rulers, including the Satavahana dynasty (230 BCE to 220 CE), the Kakatiya Dynasty (1083–1323), the Musunuri Nayaks (1326–1356) the Delhi Sultanate, the Bahmani Sultanate (1347–1512), Qutb Shahi dynasty (1512–1687), Mughal Empire (1687–1724) and Asaf Jahi Dynasty (1724–1948).When India became independent from the British Empire in 1947, the Nizam of Hyderabad did not want to merge with the Indian Union and wanted to remain independent.The Government of India annexed Hyderabad State on 17 September 1948 after a military operation called Operation Polo. It appointed a civil servant, M. K. Vellodi, as first chief minister of Hyderabad State on 26 January 1950.The Telangana Rebellion was a peasant revolt supported by the communists. It originated in the Telangana regions of the Hyderabad state between 1946 and 1951, led by the Communist Party of India. There have been several movements to revoke the merger of Telangana and Andhra, major ones occurring in 1969, 1972 and 2009.On 30 July 2013, the Congress Working Committee unanimously passed a resolution to recommend the formation of a separate Telangana state.After various stages the bill was placed in the Parliament of India in February 2014.